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1 - Looking for the origin of the Malagasy people
The origins of the Malagasy people still hypothetic because of the absence of an archaeological item that can check the location of the man before the 5th century.
Thus, the researchers would say that the Malagasy people  are formed by waves of immigration from the South East Asia and Africa. They would be of Malayo-Indonesian sailors traded on the Indian coast and Africa. These browsers have followed the northern route from D. DESCHAMPS, that is to say that they are also passed the island of Ceylon, the southern coast of India and helped by the wind subtropical, they managed to reach the southeastern coast of the Africa. It is in this continent that they have intermarried with Bantu and landed on the northwest coast of Madagascar around 5th century. Between the 5th and the 15th century, waves of Indonesians and, Indian, Arabic and Africans that have succeeded and populated the Big Island in each of its regions. We can conclude that Madagascar is made up of a mosaic of immigrant settlement.


2 - The first European settlements.

In 1500, Diego Dias, Portuguese navigator en route to the Indies and baffled by tropical cyclones, was the first European to approach the coast of Madagascar. These first steps have allowed the Europeans to settle gradually on the "Red Island". During the 18th century, Europeans who opened trading posts in India Spice trying to settle on the Malagasy coast. Many Portuguese trading are based on the northwestern coast, competing Arab counters. The French settled in the extreme south of the island in 1642 where they created the port of Fort-Dauphin. Louis XIV, to overcome the English, proclaims French sovereignty over the territory of Madagascar, named Dauphin Island. The revolt of the local population, however, required the French to abandon Fort Dauphin in the island of Bourbon or Reunion Island today in 1674. In the 18th century, the island served as a benchmark and basis of their expeditions for English and French pirates who were expelled from the Caribbean Sea. The beginnings of French colonization and already noticed a few trading posts set up on the East Coast. But since the 17th century, the clan communities have organized themselves into political entities. On the central plateau, the Merina have built a strong kingdom on the west coast, the Sakalava, began to unify under their authority nomadic pastoralist communities. However Sakalava power undermined by internal disputes of succession and also faces the opposition of the Merina, Sakalava to which must ultimately submit. Only remains the Merina kingdom, which will stand before the French colonization



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